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Water management in the paddy area in MADA (Pengurusan saliran air di kawasan padi di MADA)
Siti Aisyah Baharudin* and Fatimah Mohamed Arshad*
Keywords: water management, drainage and irrigation, paddy production, MADA

Abstract

Water management is an important element in the paddy production. Water management can increase the productivity level, thereby increase the income of farmers. Water management system in MADA is divided into irrigation and drainage. The water storage under irrigation system covers three dams, namely Pedu, Ahning and Muda reservoir. This study examined the weaknesses of irrigation and drainage system in the MADA area. Among the problems are infrastructure density, very tiny road and the distance from the irrigation to the drains. Besides, water control in these areas is insufficient due to high and low paddy field areas. Therefore, several measures were identified to increase the efficiency of water management. Among them are implementation of reticulation system for irrigation and drainage, utilisation of booster and mobile pumps, construction of bunds and good farm practices. Apart from the modernised machines, good water management should be practised by paddy farmers to ensure the efficient use of water.

Abstrak

Pengurusan air merupakan elemen penting dalam pengeluaran padi. Pengurusan air boleh meningkatkan tahap produktiviti, seterusnya meningkatkan pendapatan petani. Sistem pengurusan air MADA terbahagi kepada pengairan dan saliran. Penyimpanan air di bawah sistem pengairan meliputi tiga empangan air iaitu takungan Pedu, Ahning dan Muda. Kajian ini melihat kepada kelemahan sistem pengairan dan saliran di kawasan MADA. Antara masalah yang dihadapi ialah kepadatan infrastruktur dan jalan raya yang sangat kecil serta jarak dari pengairan dan longkang. Selain itu, kawalan air tidak mencukupi disebabkan oleh kawasan sawah padi yang tinggi dan rendah. Oleh itu beberapa langkah telah dikenal pasti bagi meningkatkan kecekapan pengurusan air. Antaranya ialah pelaksanaan sistem retikulasi untuk pengairan dan saliran, penggunaan pam ‘booster’ dan pam mudah alih, membina benteng dan amalan ladang yang baik. Selain mesin moden, pengurusan air yang baik perlu diamalkan oleh petani di sawah untuk memastikan kecekapan penggunaan air.

Copyright 2012 ©
Economic and Technology Management Research Centre,
MARDI Headquarters, Persiaran MARDI- UPM, 43300 SERI KEMBANGAN,
SELANGOR, MALAYSIA
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