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Benchmarking of broiler production technology in Malaysia
(Penanda aras teknologi pengeluaran ayam pedaging di Malaysia)
Mohd Syauqi Nazmi*, Tapsir Serin**, Wan Mohd Kamil Wan Nik***, Alam Abdul Rahman*, Hasnul Hadi Ibrahim*, Mohd Zaffrie Mat Amin*, Mohd Khairul Hafifi Maidin* and Che Nurul Akmal Che Mohamad****
Keywords: broiler production, benchmarking technology, close house system, open house system

Abstract

The broiler production technology benchmarking in Malaysia was determined by studying 312 broiler operators in Peninsular Malaysia. The Fuzzy Logic Model (FLM) was applied to benchmark the technology status in broiler farms. Purposive farm samples of open and close house system were selected, where each housing system was compared to determine the best technology practices. Result showed seven technologies namely accreditation, housing and infrastructures, cooling system, rearing practices, method of disinfection, pest and pollution control, and farm waste management were selected to develop benchmarking parameters. Each parameter was evaluated based on the quality features which were classified as worst, average or best. The overall result showed that 13% of broiler farms were categorised as best, while 74% were moderate and the rest were considered as worst farm in terms of technology practices. The technology level average score for close house was 0.595, which was higher than for open house system of 0.402. In both systems, the technology level of broiler production for those selected farms were average. Maximising the use of existing local technology as well introducing improved and significant new technologies would be appropriate to gear up this industry to be more competitive.

Abstrak

Tanda aras teknologi pengeluaran ayam pedaging di Malaysia dikenal pasti dengan mengkaji 312 penternak ayam pedaging di Semenanjung Malaysia. Aplikasi Model Logik Kabur telah digunakan bagi menanda aras teknologi pengeluaran ayam pedaging. Kaedah pensampelan tertuju bagi sistem penternakan terbuka dan tertutup dipilih bagi mengenal pasti ladang yang memiliki amalan teknologi terbaik. Hasil kajian mendapati tujuh teknologi iaitu akreditasi, teknologi perumahan dan prasarana, teknologi penyejukan, teknologi dalam amalan penternakan, teknologi disinfeksi, teknologi kawalan perosak dan pencemaran, dan teknologi pengurusan sisa ladang dipilih sebagai penanda aras. Setiap parameter teknologi dinilai berdasarkan ciri-ciri kualiti teknologi yang dimiliki iaitu tinggi, sederhana dan rendah. Sebanyak 13% daripada keseluruhan ladang ternakan ayam pedaging dikategorikan sebagai memiliki tahap teknologi yang tinggi manakala 74% ladang berteknologi sederhana dan selebihnya berteknologi rendah. Didapati, indeks Logik Kabur bagi sistem reban tertutup adalah 0.595 manakala sistem reban terbuka pula adalah 0.402. Kedua-dua sistem mengamalkan teknologi di tahap sederhana. Memaksimumkan penggunaan teknologi yang sedia ada di samping pengenalan kepada penggunaan teknologi baru diharapkan dapat memberi impak dan suntikan yang lebih besar kepada industri ini supaya lebih berdaya saing.

Copyright 2012 ©
Economic and Technology Management Research Centre,
MARDI Headquarters, Persiaran MARDI- UPM, 43300 SERI KEMBANGAN,
SELANGOR, MALAYSIA
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