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Issue and impact in broiler contract farming in Peninsular Malaysia

The rapid growth of broiler sector in this country and its ability to meet level of self sufficiency is associated with the technological progress in animal husbandry, nutrition, chicken breed and contract farming system that is practised widely. Contract farming system is estimated to dominate 75% of the country’s chicken meat production through efficient integrated production. However, there are issues shackling this system particularly relating to contract agreement, deposit, marketing freedom, effectiveness of extension services, prices of input-output, risk of losses, technical performance and impact on farmer life’s well-being. This study aimed to deepen those issues based on empirical evidence and critical analysis of data as well as suggesting alternative actions to improve system efficiency, as the benchmark in the implementation approach for the contract farming system of the other sectors.

 

Abstrak
Pertumbuhan pesat sektor ayam daging di negara ini sehingga melepasi tahap sara diri dikaitkan dengan kemajuan teknologi penternakan, pemakanan, baka ayam dan sistem perladangan kontrak yang diamalkan dengan meluas. Sistem perladangan kontrak dianggarkan menguasai 75% daripada pengeluaran ayam daging negara dengan pengeluaran yang cekap secara integrasi. Namun,masih terdapat isu-isu yang membelenggu sistem ini terutama yang berkaitan perjanjian kontrak, deposit, kebebasan pemasaran, keberkesanan khidmat pengembangan, harga input-output, risiko kerugian, prestasi teknikal dan impak sistem perladangan kontrak ini terhadap kesejahteraan hidup penternak. Kajian ini bertujuan mendalami isu-isu tersebut berasaskan bukti empirikal dan analisis data yang kritikal serta memberikan saranan bagi mempertingkatkan kecekapan sistem ini supaya boleh menjadi penanda aras bagi mekanisme pendekatan sistem perladangan kontrak sektor yang lain.

Copyright 2012 ©
Economic and Technology Management Research Centre,
MARDI Headquarters, Persiaran MARDI- UPM, 43300 SERI KEMBANGAN,
SELANGOR, MALAYSIA
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